Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). To her account, it also gave her a different outlook on the world and caused her to "finally have seen the truth". She was particularly known as the patroness of spinning and weaving. Athena was wor… She was also worshipped in many other cities, notably in Sparta. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. She was Zeus’s favorite child. She was thought to have had neither consort nor offspring. Her emergence there as city goddess, Athena Polias (“Athena, Guardian of the City”), accompanied the ancient city-state’s transition from monarchy to democracy. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? Al igual que todos lo demás dioses, era inmortal y poderosa, sólo era capaz de ser asesinada por el poder de la Espada del Olimpo. Two Athenians, the sculptor Phidias and the playwright Aeschylus, contributed significantly to the cultural dissemination of Athena’s image. Corrections? During this period, the priestesses of Athena, or plyntrídes, performed a cleansing ritual within the Erechtheion, a sanctuary devoted to Athena and Poseidon. In her aspect of Athena Polias, Athena was venerated as the goddess of the city and the protectress of the citadel. Los dioses no habían abandonado Kratos en absoluto. 1. Atenea es la única personaje a parte del mismo protagonista que ha aparecido en todas las entregas de God Of War hasta la fecha. Athena Parthenos, full-scale replica of Phidias's chryselephantine sculpture by Alan LeQuire, 1982; in a full-scale replica of the Parthenon, Nashville, Tennessee. Como una diosa, Atenea poseía numerosos poderes y fue capaz de aparecer en muchas formas y era invencible a ciertas formas de ataque. Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and war who is a character from the God of War game series, and she secretly plays a villainous role in the game God of War III. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Athena-Greek-mythology, Roman and Greek Gods - Facts about Athena, National and Kapodestrian University of Athens - Faculty of History and Archaeology - Athena’s Peplos: Weaving as a Core Female Activity in Ancient and Modern Greece, Athena - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Athena - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Ella también tenía el poder de c… In Athens, the Plynteria, or "Feast of the Bath", was observed every year at the end of the month of Thargelion. También le concedió el Cuchillas de Atenea para reemplazar el Blades of Chaos que le dio (y se lo llevaron) por Ares. She appears once more briefly as a minor antagonizing illusion in God Of War (2018). Astral Projection: After she sacrificed herself for Zeus, Athena was able to return in an Astral Form to guide Kratos. God of War … Lleva dos espadas cortas en la espalda, que utiliza para detener a Kratos de matar a Zeus con la Espada del Olimpo. As the Goddess of War and Wisdom, Athena was one of the most powerful gods on Olympus; with a large variety of abilities, she was just as powerful (if not more powerful) as Ares, her rival. That she ultimately became allegorized to personify wisdom and righteousness was a natural development of her patronage of skill. Athena became the goddess of crafts and skilled peacetime pursuits in general. Fuentes: She was associated with birds, particularly the owl, which became famous as the city’s own symbol, and with the snake. Her birth and her contest with Poseidon, the sea god, for the suzerainty of the city were depicted on the pediments of the Parthenon, and the great festival of the Panathenaea, in July, was a celebration of her birthday. She inspired three of Phidias’s sculptural masterpieces, including the massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of Athena Parthenos once housed in the Parthenon; and in Aeschylus’s dramatic tragedy Eumenides she founded the Areopagus (Athens’s aristocratic council), and, by breaking a deadlock of the judges in favour of Orestes, the defendant, she set the precedent that a tied vote signified acquittal. In post-Mycenaean times the city, especially its citadel, replaced the palace as Athena’s domain. Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. As a war goddess Athena could not be dominated by other goddesses, such as Aphrodite, and as a palace goddess she could not be violated. Her superiority also derives in part from the vastly greater variety and importance of her functions and from the patriotism of Homer’s predecessors, Ares being of foreign origin. Yet the Greek economy, unlike that of the Minoans, was largely military, so that Athena, while retaining her earlier domestic functions, became a goddess of war. Moral and physical interpretation is often intermingled.…. Athena was customarily portrayed wearing body armour and a helmet and carrying a shield and a lance. As the guardian of the welfare of kings, Athena became the goddess of good counsel, of prudent restraint and practical insight, as well as of war. Updates? Black Friday Sale! Omissions? Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. There was an alternative story that Zeus swallowed Metis, the goddess of counsel, while she was pregnant with Athena, so that Athena finally emerged from Zeus. Athena appears in Homer’s Odyssey as the tutelary deity of Odysseus, and myths from later sources portray her similarly as helper of Perseus and Heracles (Hercules). Sin embargo, Kratos también le da muerte a Atenea por descuido. En God of War le concedió a Kratos la ira de los diosespara utilizarla en destruir a sus enemigos. She was the daughter of Zeus, produced without a mother, so that she emerged full-grown from his forehead. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Atenea le dio a Kratos el trono de Ares y el título de God of War. Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. She was the daughter of Zeus; no mother bore her. She was voiced by Carole Ruggier in God of War, God of War II, and 2018s' God of War. The Parthenon, on the Acropolis, in Athens. Athena was the Goddess of War, the female counterpart of Ares. She was widely worshipped, but in modern times she is associated primarily with Athens, to which she gave her name. Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? She may not have been described as a virgin originally, but virginity was attributed to her very early and was the basis for the interpretation of her epithets Pallas and Parthenos. Premium Membership is now 50% off! She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. …was moralized; the goddess Pallas Athene, for example, who in physical allegory stood for the ether, in moral allegory was taken to represent reflective wisdom because she was born out of the forehead of her father, Zeus. Athena’s association with the acropolises of various Greek cities probably stemmed from the location of the kings’ palaces there. 2. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. In Homer’s Iliad, Athena, as a war goddess, inspires and fights alongside the Greek heroes; her aid is synonymous with military prowess. Athena’s moral and military superiority to Ares derives in part from the fact that she represents the intellectual and civilized side of war and the virtues of justice and skill, whereas Ares represents mere blood lust. Being the favourite child of Zeus, she had great power. Su participación es la de consejera de Kratos al toparse con los numerosos acertijos que se le presentan al jugador. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Immortality: Like all Olympians, Athena was immortal, unable to age or die from natur… Also in the Iliad, Zeus, the chief god, specifically assigns the sphere of war to Ares, the god of war, and Athena. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sin embargo, Atenea Kratos salvado de caer a su muerte. The qualities that lead to victory are found on the aegis, or breastplate, that Athena wears when she goes to war: fear, strife, defense, and assault. According to Homer’s account in the Iliad, Athena was a fierce and ruthless warrior. In the Odyssey, she was angry and unforgiving. In the Iliad, Athena is the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: she personifies excellence in close combat, victory, and glory. Here Athena's statue was undressed, her clothes washed, and body purified. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. She sprang from Zeus’s head, full-grown and clothed in armor. The festival lasted for five days.
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